An agreement gave considerable impetus when, on 1 July, Israel did not begin the process of annexation of the West Bank, as Mr. Netanyahu had suggested. The Emiratis reported that they took the opportunity to promise a complete normalization of relations if the annexation was removed from the table. It was the subtext of an op-ed published in June by the Emirati ambassador to the United States in Israel`s largest daily newspaper, Yedioth Ahronoth. The Donald J. Trump government, which resigned itself to Israel`s strong desire to expand the country`s formal diplomatic relations with the Arab nations of the Persian Gulf and took over the UAE embassy in the Persian Gulf, oversaw the three-way diplomacy that led to the Abraham Agreement. The South African Department of International Relations and Cooperation regretted that the agreement was reached without consultation with the Palestinians, although the agreement was linked to their future, and noted that the agreement did not guarantee a permanent suspension of the annexation of parts of the West Bank.  The Ministry of Foreign Affairs has reacted reluctantly by calling the Israel-UAE agreement a “significant impact” in a press release, and Pakistan`s approach will be guided by our assessment of how the rights and aspirations of Palestinians are being respected and how to preserve peace, security and stability in the region.  In the region, Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan and Oman have publicly welcomed the Abraham Agreement. Saudi Arabia has said nothing, although analysts strongly speculate that this non-reaction is a sign that Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman supports the deal, but that it is limited because his father, the king, opposes normalization with Israel. Iran, Qatar and Turkey have criticized the deal, with the latter threatening to withdraw their ambassador from Abu Dhabi. Civil society organizations across the region remain strongly opposed to normalizing relations with Israel.
These include Gulf groups that have been particularly opposed to the Israeli-Emirati agreement.