Detailed commitments of the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) can be recorded in intergovernmental agreements or declarations of cooperation. The agreement reflects the joint responsibility of the two governments in the national disability insurance system and provides that both governments can make pre-program contributions. An agreement on the establishment of a national regulatory system for all heavy vehicles over 4.5 tonnes, consisting of uniform legislation managed by a single national regulator. An agreement on the establishment of a national system of regulation and investigation of rail safety, including a single regulation and a single national regulatory authority for rail safety, complemented by a national rail safety monitor. This intergovernmental agreement aims to strengthen Australia`s biosecurity system by strengthening national cooperation between Australian governments. The agreement came into force on January 3, 2019, when the Commonwealth and South Australia became the first signatories. In many cases, agreements have been the precursors to the adoption of Commonwealth or state and territorial laws. The agreements reached at the COAG level show that the results enjoy increased government support and have a greater currency and strength than departmental reports and press release texts, which may not always contain detailed political and/or operational issues. For more information on other intergovernmental agreements, see below. An agreement to establish and support the Australian Digital Health Agency and to gradually transform the way health information is used for health planning, management and delivery through the implementation of a world-class digital health capacity in Australia.

The Northern Australia Indigenous Development Agreement (the agreement) is an intergovernmental agreement to promote indigenous economic development as an important part of the Northern Development Agenda. The Agreement recognizes that Aboriginal participation in the economy is essential to fully achieving the development of Northern Australia and provides a framework for cooperation and an individual framework for cooperation between governments to promote aboriginal economic development in northern Australia. An agreement between the Commonwealth and the States and Territories establishing a national jurisdiction and a maritime safety regulator for all merchant vessels in Australian waters.

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