Wet-lease has often been used to circumvent immigration, tax and social protection legislation in the AOC country to relocate jobs to third countries where labour is cheaper. The Court of Human Rights supports EU restrictions on leasing water from third countries (time limits, technical and seasonal requirements). This is even more important in the agreement with the United Kingdom, which proposes little or no effective limitation of foreign ownership and control. EU-Morocco: The first Euro-Mediterranean air transport agreement was signed on 12 December 2006 between the EU and the Kingdom of Morocco. This comprehensive agreement allows all AIRLINES in the EU and Morocco to fly directly between each AIRPORT in the EU and Morocco. It also covers a wide range of aviation issues. A comprehensive air services agreement was concluded with Brazil in March 2011 and is currently under renegotiation. Negotiations are ongoing with a number of other important partners around the world. EU-Jordan: A Euro-Mediterranean agreement on air services was signed on 15 December 2010. This agreement provides for the lifting of all capacity and frequency limitations between the two parties. (1) Adaptation to EU legislation of existing bilateral air services agreements between EU Member States and third countries – Horizontal Agreements. This involves amending about 1,500 bilateral agreements concluded by Member States with third countries to recognise the “community character” of our airlines.

Member States must authorise any EU carrier to fly from its country to a third country. The joint efforts of the Commission and member states have already enabled the compliance of more than 1000 bilateral agreements with 122 countries. Horizontal agreements have been negotiated with some 50 countries that have amended all bilateral agreements between a third country and all EU Member States with which that country has bilateral agreements. Innovative agreements have already been concluded with the United States in 2007 and June 2010 (the so-called “first” and “second phase” agreements). The Court welcomes the EU`s proposal for comprehensive social protection, in which it stresses the need for an agreement on air services to ensure the protection of workers and the improvement of worker protection (Title III, Chapter 2, Section 5). The Court argues that, particularly in the broad application of these provisions across the industry, organizations representing employers and workers must have the right to address the issues raised by the agreement and to seek their settlement in the dispute resolution process.

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